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Foundation Crochet Stitches | Single, half double and double crochet | The Unraveled Mitten

Tutorial: Foundation Crochet Stitches

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Today we are going to chat about how to make a foundation crochet stitch! This is one crochet hack I’ve been avoiding for years because I thought it was too hard. But you know what? I tried it, it wasn’t as hard as I thought, and I love it.

What are Foundation crochet stitches?

Well I am glad you asked, a foundation crochet stitch is an alternative to chaining and working your stitches back across your chains. Instead the base chain is built right into the stitch. Cool right!

When to use a foundation crochet stitch.

These can be used anytime your foundation row has no chain spaces. This means lacy stitches, like this one, will not work for with this technique.

If your pattern calls for traditional starting chains and you want to convert it to using foundation stitches, you’re going to want to base your number of foundation stitches off the stitch count rather than the chain number.

If your pattern is a cowl or something that needs to be worked in the round, crochet as many foundation stitches as your pattern needs and then join the last foundation stitch to the first foundation stitch with a slip stitch. Then use the tail from your beginning chains to close up the gap.

Why use a foundation crochet stitch?

Well for one (and my very favorite) it saves a little bit of time, especially for a blanket or something that has a zillion chains. There is also less chance of miscounting!! I think we’ve all been there, when you’re chaining 231 stitches and end up with 229 and have to start all over.

Foundation crochet stitches also make a nice stretchy hem. This is especially useful for things like sweaters, cowls and scarves worked in long rows.

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Today I am going to show you how to work all 3 basic foundation crochet stitches: the foundation single crochet (fsc), foundation half double crochet (fhdc) and the foundation double crochet (fdc). As always we are using US crochet terminology.

I know my crochet group on Facebook is really looking forward to this tutorial! Come join the yarny fun and show us your foundation stitches.

Grab your yarn and hook and let’s get started. I am using a worsted weight yarn and 6 mm hook.

When you use a traditional starting chain and crochet back into the chains you’re working horizontal but with these chainless foundation stitches you will be working vertically stacking your stitches on top of each other.

Foundation Single Crochet (fsc)

Foundation Single Crochet Tutorial | The Unraveled Mitten

Step 1: Chain 2

Step 2: Insert hook into 2nd chain from hook and draw up a loop.

Step 3: Chain 1 (not to tightly!) Place a stitch marker here.

Foundation Single Crochet Tutorial | The Unraveled Mitten

Step 4: Now complete your single crochet as normal by doing a yarn over and drawing through the 2 loops on the hook.

Now this is where I think a lot of people get confused and give up but that stitch marker from step 3 is going to help us get it right. After you get comfortable working these stitches you probably won’t need to use a stitch marker any more.

Step 5: Insert your hook in the base chain of the previous stitch (aka where we put our stitch marker) and pull up a loop. Remove stitch marker if using.

Foundation Single Crochet Tutorial | The Unraveled MItten
Foundation Single Crochet

Repeat Steps 3-5 for as many foundation single crochets as your pattern calls for. You will end on step 4.

After step 4 just work your pattern as normal.

Use this technique on the Messy Bun Earwarmer.

Foundation Half Double Crochet (fhdc)

Foundation Half Double Crochet Tutorial | The Unraveled Mitten

Step 1: Chain 2

Step 2: Yarnover, insert hook into 2nd chain from hook and draw up a loop.

Step 3: Chain 1 (not to tightly!) Place a stitch marker here.

Foundation Half Double Crochet Tutorial | The Unraveled Mitten

Step 4: Now complete your half double crochet as normal by doing a yarn over and drawing through the 3 loops on the hook.

Step 5: Yarnover, insert your hook in the base chain of the previous stitch (aka where we put our stitch marker) and pull up a loop. Remove stitch marker if using.

Foundation Half Double Crochet Tutorial | The Unraveled Mitten
Foundation Half Double Crochet

Repeat Steps 3-5 for as many foundation half double crochets as your pattern calls for. You will end on step 4.

After step 4 just work your pattern as normal.

Practice your foundation half double crochet on this earwarmer!

Foundation Double Crochet (Fdc)

Foundation Double Crochet Tutorial | The Unraveled Mitten

Step 1: Chain 3

Step 2: Yarnover, insert hook into 2nd chain from hook and draw up a loop.

Step 3: Chain 1 (not to tightly!) Place a stitch marker here.

Foundation Double Crochet Tutorial | The Unraveled Mitten

Step 4: Now complete your double crochet as normal by doing a yarn over and drawing through 2 loops twice.

Step 5: Yarnover, insert your hook in the base chain of the previous stitch (aka where we put our stitch marker) and pull up a loop. Remove stitch marker if using.

Foundation Double Crochet Tutorial | The Unraveled Mitten
Foundation Double Crochet

Repeat Steps 3-5 for as many foundation double crochets as your pattern calls for. You will end on step 4.

After step 4 just work your pattern as normal.

The Petoskey Lace Cowl is great practice for the Foundation Double Crochet!

What did you think? Harder or easier than you thought?

Want to save this for later? Pin this on Pinterest!

Tutorial: Foundation Crochet Stitches | Single, half double and double crochet | The Unraveled Mitten | Learn this time saving fun technique with this in-depth photo tutorial!


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